The language most widely spoken in India is Hindi, however there are a number of other languages, such as Bengali and Telugu.
Name: Indian Rupee
100 INR is approx $1.55
India Standard Time (IST)
The cost of a domestic beer in India is 100INR($1.55) on average, but you can grab one for as little as 80INR ($1.24).
A meal at an inexpensive restaurant in India can range from 80-250INR (approx $1.24-$3.86), however you will get food much cheaper if you explore the street food stalls, where you can get samosas for 5INR (8c).
Want to catch a cab? Taxi fares start from 50INR (approx 77c), and you should always ensure you get a prepaid taxi. Or you could go for the cheaper option: a Rickshaw.
The easiest and most frequent mode of transport around India is by autorickshaw (like Tuk Tuks), which start at 25INR (approx 39c), or taxi. However you can also get around by bus, boats and trains.
Looking to stay in a hostel when you're in India? Dorm rooms start from as little as 165INR (approx $2.55).
From budget to 5*, you'll be able to find a hotel room to suit your budget. The average cost for a double room is 500INR (approx $7.70).
India is vast and there are varying weather patterns - summers tend to get very hot, and is best avoided. Whereas from October to March you'll experience the warmth of winter, as the Himalayas stop the cold winds. This is a much more bearable time to visit, as July to September is monsoon season.
India is the second largest country when it comes to population size - in 2016 there were 1.324 billion people in India. You'll definitely notice the marked difference between the US and India in terms of population as soon as you arrive! Mumbai has the largest population in India, followed by Kolkata, Delhi and then Chennai.