Top Language Tips for your Visit to Wales

As soon as you arrive in Wales you’ll notice that all signs are bilingual – English, and the ancient language of Welsh, spoken by around a quarter of the population. To those unfamiliar with the Welsh language, it can appear strange, thanks to its double letter and extra vowel systems, and its complicated grammatical structures.
A little understanding will get you a long way though, especially in West and North Wales where the language is more widely spoken, and particularly when trying to navigate the roads! So here is a little breakdown of the basics.

Cymru – Wales
Greetings

Welcome – Croeso (Croy-so)

Hello – S’mae (Sha-my)

Good morning – Bore da (Boray-da)

Good afternoon – Prynhawn da (Prin-hown-da)

Good evening – Noswaith dda (Nos-way-th-da)

Good night – Nos da (Nos-da)

Good bye – Hwyl fawr (Hoo-will Vower)

Extra credit – roll the letter “R” as in Spanish pronunciation

Navigating the roads

Caer (as in the place name Caerdydd, Welsh for Cardiff) – Fort

Aber (as in place name Aberystwyth) – Mouth of river

Llan (as in place name Llanelli) – Parish

Araf – Slow

Dinas – City

Tref – Town

Pentref – Village

Canol – Centre

Pont – Bridge

Castell – Castle

Bryn – Hill

Cwm – Valley

Afon – River

Ynys – Island

Traeth – Beach

Parc – Park

Mynydd – Mountain

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